Esoterica's avatar

Esoterica

dynamicafrica
In spite of its strong Crusader underpinnings, there was nothing unusual about the African slave trade until 1492. It fit a pattern that had existed for centuries wherein slaves from Europe were sold in Egypt, Central Asia and India, while slaves from sub-Saharan Africa were sold in North Africa, Spain and India. The slave trade declined towards the end of the 15th century because the European market was saturated. Lisbon had about ten thousand Muslim and African slaves and could use no more.


The discovery of America changed this picture. It transformed what was up till then a small trade in ivory, gold and slaves into an intricate global web of trade, piracy and politics. The initial objective of Spain in her American colonies was gold. In their hunt for precious metals, the Spanish obliterated the ancient civilizations of the Aztecs of Mexico, the Mayans of Guatemala and the Incas of Peru. Ninety percent of the men were killed while the women died as a result of slavery and diseases brought in by the Europeans. Within a span of ten years, from 1500 to 1510, the population of Cuba decreased from about one million to twenty thousand. When the Mayan gold was exhausted, the Spanish went after the silver mines of Mexico. The residual indigenous population was enslaved and put to work in the silver mines. Working conditions were so harsh that by 1520, the American colonies were almost drained of their native manpower.

It was about this time that a new crop, unknown in the Americas up until then, was introduced into the New World. The discovery of America had resulted in a vast interchange of agricultural products between the New World and the Old. The potato, tomato and red pepper traveled from the Americas to Europe and Asia, while sugar and cotton went in the other direction.

The introduction of sugar transformed America, Europe and Africa alike. Its impact on history was far greater than that of Mayan gold treasures or the rich silver mines of Mexico. To understand how it happened, it is important to know the process of sugar extraction. The word sugar derives from the Sanskrit word su-ka-ra, meaning a sweet substance. Sugarcane is a tropical crop, which originated in the Indo-Gangetic plains in ancient India. Until the 16th century, it was imported in small quantities into Europe by Muslim merchants and their Venetian partners, and found its way to the dining tables of the rich. When direct European contacts were initiated with India (1496), it became more readily available. Demand multiplied. The islands of the West Indies, and some in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa, were ideally suited to grow sugar cane, a crop that is labor intensive. Native American labor had been exhausted. Moreover, the Native Americans were not suited for the kind of backbreaking work required on the sugar plantations. So, labor had to be imported.

An extract from Prof. Dr. Nazeer Ahmed, PhD on the Trans-Atlantic Slave trade and how it relates to Muslim people and Muslim history in Africa.

More African history.

(via dynamicafrica)

(via wrcsolace)

downlo

Anya Groner: The Heart You Save Won’t Be Your Own

downlo:

This is really good. Read it when you get a chance.

(via jhameia)

thinksquad

hollystewart:

karnythia:

hollystewart:

karnythia:

moniquill:

fuckyeahsexeducation:

thinksquad:

A contraceptive computer chip that can be controlled by remote control has been developed in Massachusetts.

The chip is implanted under a woman’s skin, releasing a small dose of levonorgestrel, a hormone.

This will happen every day for 16 years, but can be stopped at any time by using a wireless remote control.

The project has been backed by Bill Gates, and will be submitted for pre-clinical testing in the US next year - and possibly go on sale by 2018.

The device measures 20mm x 20mm x 7mm and will be “competitively priced”, its creators said.

http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-28193720#FBM386927

This is amazing, but I’m pretty sure the chip would have to be metal which means I and other people with metal allergies couldn’t use it. It’s really amazing though.

…this might work for some people but does anyone see the major red flag of this being -very easy- to undermine without the birth control user’s knowledge?

Who would have access to the remotes? And the source code? Microsoft can’t keep their tech right now. And that’s before we get into ways of hacking the chips to release extra hormones. Enough to make users sick, increase their susceptibility to infertility, or to a stroke.

um by 2018 ppl.
They are probably working all the kinks out.

Like they worked the kinks out when they were studying syphilis at Tuskegee? Or those Mississippi Appendectomies?

You just pointed out 2 studies that were conducted before the IRB was established but okay.

IRB didn’t prevent prisoners from being illegally sterilized in California, or toxic waste being used to line playgrounds. It didn’t keep the government from using foster kids as lab subjects either.  I mean we can hit any time period in the US & find reasons not to trust these kinds of projects. That’s before we get into the various recalls of FDA approved contraceptives because of harmful side effects.

(via greerdanville)

thinksquad

hollystewart:

karnythia:

moniquill:

fuckyeahsexeducation:

thinksquad:

A contraceptive computer chip that can be controlled by remote control has been developed in Massachusetts.

The chip is implanted under a woman’s skin, releasing a small dose of levonorgestrel, a hormone.

This will happen every day for 16 years, but can be stopped at any time by using a wireless remote control.

The project has been backed by Bill Gates, and will be submitted for pre-clinical testing in the US next year - and possibly go on sale by 2018.

The device measures 20mm x 20mm x 7mm and will be “competitively priced”, its creators said.

http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-28193720#FBM386927

This is amazing, but I’m pretty sure the chip would have to be metal which means I and other people with metal allergies couldn’t use it. It’s really amazing though.

…this might work for some people but does anyone see the major red flag of this being -very easy- to undermine without the birth control user’s knowledge?

Who would have access to the remotes? And the source code? Microsoft can’t keep their tech right now. And that’s before we get into ways of hacking the chips to release extra hormones. Enough to make users sick, increase their susceptibility to infertility, or to a stroke.

um by 2018 ppl.
They are probably working all the kinks out.

Like they worked the kinks out when they were studying syphilis at Tuskegee? Or those Mississippi Appendectomies?

(via greerdanville)

thinksquad

moniquill:

fuckyeahsexeducation:

thinksquad:

A contraceptive computer chip that can be controlled by remote control has been developed in Massachusetts.

The chip is implanted under a woman’s skin, releasing a small dose of levonorgestrel, a hormone.

This will happen every day for 16 years, but can be stopped at any time by using a wireless remote control.

The project has been backed by Bill Gates, and will be submitted for pre-clinical testing in the US next year - and possibly go on sale by 2018.

The device measures 20mm x 20mm x 7mm and will be “competitively priced”, its creators said.

http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-28193720#FBM386927

This is amazing, but I’m pretty sure the chip would have to be metal which means I and other people with metal allergies couldn’t use it. It’s really amazing though.

…this might work for some people but does anyone see the major red flag of this being -very easy- to undermine without the birth control user’s knowledge?

Who would have access to the remotes? And the source code? Microsoft can’t keep their tech right now. And that’s before we get into ways of hacking the chips to release extra hormones. Enough to make users sick, increase their susceptibility to infertility, or to a stroke.

SoundCloud / Madd Mary

EFF IGGY (Iggy Azalea Diss) Prod by OJ The Producer

kyssthis16:

boygeorgemichaelbluth:

dynastylnoire:

sourcedumal:

whitepeoplesaidwhat:

pokerwithplato:

boss-of-the-plains:

pokerwithplato:

boss-of-the-plains:

countdowncityconquistador:

brownglucose:

elegantly-tasteless:

20daysofjune:

brandyliquor:

baijara:

EFF IGGY (IGGY AZALEA DISS) 

https://twitter.com/whoismaddmary
https://www.facebook.com/whoismaddmary

http://soundcloud.com/ojtheproducer
https://twitter.com/OJTHEPRODUCER

YAAAAAAAASSSSSS

Bars…….

LMAOOOO YO WHO DIS?
SHE WENT OFF

Yass bitch go awwwfffffff

My mouth was open the entire time damnnnnnnn this shit is crazyyyyyyy

Nice

Waits for Tip’s response….

>Doesn’t like Iggy because she is white and sings hip hop shit

>”I ain’t racist”

Back the fuck up. Charley Pride was a black man who sang country and he was the shit. If someone told him to stop “appropriating” white people music, that certain someone would be outed as a racist because they are being fucking racist. Hip hop and other racket that I am not fond of is a part of American culture now and if a foreigner wants to come to my fucking country to take part in the culture and not dismantle the shit out of it, they are welcome to come here and be whatever they want to be. So fuck you.

And it is not appropriation of black music. Appropriation of something implies that its elements, once removed from their original contexts, can take on meanings that are significantly divergent from, or less nuanced than, those they originally held. It’s fucking music! It’s meant to be shared and enjoyed by all and if someone takes inspiration from a culture different than their own, then fuck you to tell them that what they are doing is wrong!

Um you do know that country music was started by black Slave folk and appropriated by white southerners right? Like the banjo, washboard etc were instruments used by slaves folk that they brought from their respective cultures or were household ornsments they used as instruments. There’s so many other things wrong with everything you said that I’m not sure if I should address. Like damn it’s too early for this fuckshit.

Actually, dumbass, country music is based upon traditional Irish folk music. Do your homework and fuck off.

African immigrants and their descendants did give America’s heartland music a range of musical style influences, one of its earliest dominant instruments—the banjo—its first recording using another of its dominant instruments—the steel guitar—and many of its earliest and subsequent practitioners, teachers and audience members.

Country music is often erroneously thought of as solely the creation of European Americans. However, a great deal of style—and of course, the banjo, a major instrument in most early American folk songs—came from African Americans. One of the reasons country music was created by African Americans, as well as European Americans, is because blacks and whites in rural communities in the south often worked and played together, just as recollected by DeFord Bailey[11] in the PBS documentary, DeFord Bailey: A Legend Lost.[12] Influential black guitarist Arnold Shultz, known as the primary source for thumb style, or Travis picking, played with white musicians in west-central Kentucky.

SMH….looks like you didn’t do your home work.

Whooooops

Oop.

Flawless victory

irish folk music

yall really stretch them muscles with all that reachin

While irish folk music probably did contribute to country music, um… Country music, like Jazz, Blues, Rock n Roll, and Soul, is very American and what do we know about music started in the Americas? I’ll give you a hint….

medievalpoc
medievalpoc:

For those of you who’ve asked how you can support Medievalpoc:
 Become a Medievalpoc Patron!
Medievalpoc is a collection of art, history, and academic resources accessible to anyone. Ph.D. candidates, history educators, fantasy authors, fans of historical media and cultural studies, as well as those who are just interested in learning something different have found new and exciting information at Medievalpoc. These artworks and documentation are readily available on multiple social media platforms, including Tumblr, Facebook, Twitter, and Medievalpoc.org. The goal of Medievalpoc is not to hoard information, but to share it as widely as possible and incite discussion in social as well as activist and educational communities.
Patronage will provide the opportunity to not only bring Medievalpoc to a wider audience online, but the ability to travel for appearances at academic and literary conventions, speak at functions, and facilitate activist work in face-to-face environments. Patronage means more access to databases, art collections, and academic resources for the creation of Medievalpoc. In addition, your patronage can pave the way for exciting new projects across various media, like print, film, and interactive online content—projects Patrons can see in the making.I look forward to forging a new era of Patron and Creator with my readers in my goal of bringing Art and History to life in a new way-a History in which we can see ourselves.

medievalpoc:

For those of you who’ve asked how you can support Medievalpoc:

Become a Medievalpoc Patron!

Medievalpoc is a collection of art, history, and academic resources accessible to anyone. Ph.D. candidates, history educators, fantasy authors, fans of historical media and cultural studies, as well as those who are just interested in learning something different have found new and exciting information at Medievalpoc. These artworks and documentation are readily available on multiple social media platforms, including Tumblr, Facebook, Twitter, and Medievalpoc.org. The goal of Medievalpoc is not to hoard information, but to share it as widely as possible and incite discussion in social as well as activist and educational communities.

Patronage will provide the opportunity to not only bring Medievalpoc to a wider audience online, but the ability to travel for appearances at academic and literary conventions, speak at functions, and facilitate activist work in face-to-face environments. Patronage means more access to databases, art collections, and academic resources for the creation of Medievalpoc. In addition, your patronage can pave the way for exciting new projects across various media, like print, film, and interactive online content—projects Patrons can see in the making.

I look forward to forging a new era of Patron and Creator with my readers in my goal of bringing Art and History to life in a new way-a History in which we can see ourselves.

jkottke

Unlikely simultaneous historical events

simhasanam:

quantumblog:

jkottke:

A poster on Reddit asks: What are two events that took place in the same time in history but don’t seem like they would have?

Spain was still a fascist dictatorship when Microsoft was founded.

There were no classes in calculus in Harvard’s curriculum for the first few years because calculus hadn’t been discovered yet.

Two empires [Roman & Ottoman] spanned the entire gap from Jesus to Babe Ruth.

When the pyramids were being built, there were still woolly mammoths.

The last use of the guillotine was in France the same year Star Wars came out.

Oxford University was over 300 years old when the Aztec Empire was founded.

When pilgrims were landing on Plymouth Rock, you could already visit what is now Santa Fe, New Mexico to stay at a hotel, eat at a restaurant and buy Native American silver.

The first wagon train of the Oregon Trail heads out the same year the fax machine is invented.

Nintendo was formed the same year Van Gogh painted Starry Night.

Cleopatra (the last Pharaoh of Egypt) lived closer to the moon landings than she did to the building of the Pyramids of Giza.

When Kublai Khan became the Mongol Emperor, the first humans were setting foot on New Zealand.

What’s interesting about several of these (like the Oxford one for instance) is how start dates are being defined. Oxford is assumed to have been formed before 1100 because there’s evidence of teaching in that area from 1096. Meanwhile the Aztec Empire’s start date is defined as the beginning of the Triple Alliance in 1428. Technically that makes it a 300 year gap. However Oxford probably wasn’t really what most would think of as a university until 1167 when Henry II barred English students from attending the University of Paris. That shaves that 300 years down to 200. Meanwhile Tenochtitlan (the largest & strongest of the Nahua city states in the Alliance) was founded in 1325 (now we’re down to 160 years) and the Nahua & other people who founded it are believed to have begun to migrate into the area as early as the 6th century. Now we’ll assume that the Aztec empire building didn’t necessarily kick off in 600 CE, but it’s certainly possible (and even probable) that the roots of the Aztec Empire as we define it today were developing by say 900 or 1000 CE. That would make the Aztec Empire predate Oxford by at least 100 years. Really more like 200, if we switch how we’re defining concrete start dates. It’s…possible my history hat flew onto my head by accident. Sorry.

(via masteradept)

fiercedeception

2damnfeisty:

fiercedeception:

I just told my mama that white people are using hot combs now 

She said ” Why? You dont need a hot comb to kill lice” 

image

image

I…Jesus…I can’t breathe

(via angelsscream)

cosbyykidd
kickassfanfic:

jhameia:

2damnfeisty:

crystaltokyogorepolice:

teenagemutantnegroturtle:

ask-aphsiberia:

mr-pond-parties-in-the-impala:

cosbyykidd:

It’s worked for white people, I figured I might as well give it a shot.

GET THIS GUY TO DISNEY WORLD DAMN IT

I want you to go man!

if this was a white girl this would have had the notes 3 weeks ago

People are sending him racist messages telling him it’s not gonna happen and he doesn’t belong in Disney World over this post. So we’re gonna reblog it even more.

To all my followers, please reblog. cosbyykidd imma add this to my queue, we gon’ get yo ass to Disney. lmao

BOOOOOOST 

Followers, please note: I am going to reblog this every time it shows up on my dash. EVERY. TIME. I’m gonna tag it #cosbyykidd goes to Disney but I would really encourage you to boost it because why the heck not? We can get him a million five in a matter of DAYS. Make it happen!

kickassfanfic:

jhameia:

2damnfeisty:

crystaltokyogorepolice:

teenagemutantnegroturtle:

ask-aphsiberia:

mr-pond-parties-in-the-impala:

cosbyykidd:

It’s worked for white people, I figured I might as well give it a shot.

GET THIS GUY TO DISNEY WORLD DAMN IT

I want you to go man!

if this was a white girl this would have had the notes 3 weeks ago

People are sending him racist messages telling him it’s not gonna happen and he doesn’t belong in Disney World over this post. So we’re gonna reblog it even more.

To all my followers, please reblog. cosbyykidd imma add this to my queue, we gon’ get yo ass to Disney. lmao

BOOOOOOST 

Followers, please note: I am going to reblog this every time it shows up on my dash. EVERY. TIME. I’m gonna tag it #cosbyykidd goes to Disney but I would really encourage you to boost it because why the heck not? We can get him a million five in a matter of DAYS. Make it happen!

(via skyliting)