Today’s Mayan calendar-themed Google doodle. I don’t think this was shown in the US because of the one week anniversary of the Sandy Hook school shooting.
Math, science and astronomy are matters that we have always been passionate about. So with our doodle today, we are celebrating the end of the 13th Baktun of the Mayan calendar Long Count System. But what does this mean?
Mayans were advanced mathematicians and astronomers who calculated the cycles of the moon and sun. They had very specific ways of measuring time, and one of these forms is the Long Count system, in which each year has 18 months with 20 days. The system also includes other units like the Katun, equivalent to 20 years in our calendar, and a Baktun, which equals to 394 years.
The importance of reaching the 13th Baktun, is that, unlike as what happens in our calendar, a 14th Baktun does not follow. The count returns to zero.
Unlike all the disaster stories that you have probably heard, at the end of the 13th Baktun, as every time Sunday ends in our calendar, Monday comes again and thus begins a new week. Those who have studied the issue, explain that this is because the way their scheduling system works, and although it represents the end of a cycle, it doesn’t have a catastrophic meaning.
Today’s doodle represents the actual date, December 21 2012, as well as the 13th Baktun, forming the word * Google *.
We hope you enjoy this doodle as much as we do, and that the beginning of the next Baktun be very prosperous for everyone.
That’s just so fucking cool
UPDATE on the Guarani-Kaiowá of Mato Grosso do Sul - 10/24/12
By Jorge Barrera
APTN National News
A Brazilian organization representing an Indigenous tribe in the country’s south-west denied local and international reports that spread online Thursday claiming a group of Guarani-Kaiowa were planning to commit mass suicide if a judge ordered them off their ancestral lands.
Ruy Sposati, a spokesperson for the Indigenous Missionary Council (CIMI), said the Guarani-Kaiowa group of about 170 people planned mass resistance to the death, not mass suicide, to protect their lands in a southwestern Brazilian state.
Sposati said they would rather be massacred than leave their lands where their ancestors have been buried.
“It is not suicide…this is a mistake. They say they are going to die together resisting on their land if they removed by federal agents, the military or gunmen,” said Sposati, in an interview with APTN National News from Brasilia, Brazil’s capital. “They are going to stand up and if they start shooting they won’t run.”
Sposati said the tribe would be armed only with bows and arrows and wooden hatchets.
“They don’t usually resist with violence and they will stay there,” he said. “(A massacre) is one of the possibilities.”
International and local press reported that they planned a mass suicide and it spread through social media like Twitter and blogs.
A federal judge upheld a request on Sept. 29 from a rancher requesting their eviction and levied fines against the group. Sposati said the eviction process is still moving through the system and the Guarani-Kaiowa still have an opportunity to make their submissions to the judge.
In a statement posted on CIMI’s website, the Guarani-Kaiowa said they were facing “total extinction” at the hands of the Brazilian justice system.
“We received information that our community will soon be attacked, raped,” said the statement. “This decision of the federal court…is part of the action of genocide and extermination (of)Indigenous people.”
Sposati said the group of Guarani-Kaiowa has been fighting for over a century to reclaim lands they lost in the late 1800s and early 1900s to a tea company that forged a deed to their territory.
They were further displaced by a Brazilian government program to populate the southwestern state of Mato Gross do Sul in the 1920s and later by cattle ranchers and now agro-businesses growing things like soy and corn.
The group of Guarani-Kaiowa tried to occupy the land in 2003 and 2009, but they were evicted violently. Sposati said they faced torture and the razing of their homes.
“They have also been kidnapped and they tortured them too and burned their houses,” said Sposati. “They said to (Brazil’s) public minister that they have been tortured by the gunmen who have been hired by ranchers.”
The latest occupation came in 2011 and how they are again facing eviction, but this time they say they won’t moving, not matter what they face, he said.
Sposati said the false story of the mass suicide had hurt their cause. He said the tribe suffers from widespread suicide and that the Guarani-Kaiowa villages as a whole had experienced about 555 suicides between 2000 and 2011.
Sposati said other groups of Guarani-Kaiowa are also involved in battles with ranchers over land reclamations.
THIS NEEDS TO BE CIRCULATED JUST AS WIDELY AS THE FIRST STORY.
Entire Indian tribe threatens to commit mass suicide after Brazil court rules they must leave sacred burial land
A entire tribe of 170 Indians have vowed to commit mass suicide after a court in Brazil ruled they must leave what they believe is sacred land, it was reported today.
The community of 50 men, 50 women and 70 children from the Guarani-kaiowa tribe are camped inside a ranch in Brazil’s southern state of Mato Grosso do Sul.
The Indians claim the land has been the graveyard of their ancestors for centuries, according to Brazil’s Indigenous Missionary Council (CIMI).
A Guarani Indian family ride a horse-drawn cart in southern Brazil in 2004. The Indians claim the disputed land has been the graveyard of their ancestors for centuries
But this week, Judge Henrique Bonachela upheld a petition made by the ranch’s owner to have the tribe evicted from the land.
He decreed a fine of £150 for every day the tribe remains on the land, on the banks of Brazil’s Joguico River.
A spokesman for the tribe today said they do not intend to fight the judge’s decision but would rather die on the land than be made to leave.
And in a letter the tribe called on the Brazilian government to respect their wishes to be buried there along with their ancestors.
It read: ‘Because of this historic fact, we would prefer to die and be buried together with our ancestors right here where we are now.
‘We ask, one time for all, for the government to decree our extinction as a tribe, and to send tractors to dig a big hole and there to throw our dead bodies.
‘We have all decided that we will not leave this place, neither alive nor dead.’
Battle: A spokesman for the tribe said they do not intend to fight the judge’s decision but would rather die on the land than be made to leave.
Remote: The tribe is camped inside a ranch in Brazil’s southern state of Mato Grosso do Sul
A spokesman for CIMI described the development as of ‘exceptional seriousness’.
And Federal Deputy Sarney Filho warned of the ‘extremely worrying’ situation.
In a letter to Brazil’s Justice Minsitry, he wrote: ‘This tribe has had its culture and lands attacked for centuries. They could now go down in history as being the tribe which wiped themselves out by committing collective suicide.
‘We must take the necessary measures to avert the worst.’
Indian tribes in southern Brazil have for years been fighting for the country to recognise their traditional lands, many of which now belong to farmers and rich landowners.
Most of our people have been asked variations on these questions when we assert our Nican Tlaca (Indigenous) identity.
Those of us who have some knowledge respond with “I am Mexica”. The majority of our people, who do not seriously understand our history, will respond with, “I am Aztec” or the worst of all answers is “I’m not really an Indian.”
There are problems with these three answers, but there is a bigger problem with the question. It assumes that all or most Nican Tlaca are or were tribal and that we have all been assimilated or killed off. The truth is that we have been colonized, culturally castrated, racially raped, kept ignorant of our heritage, deprived of the ownership and the wealth of our land, but we are still here (ignorant and damaged as human beings, but we are still here).
Over the last 500 years we have suffered racism’s indignities, and the European parasitic uses of our people and our continent. Because we are ignorant of our history and our true identity it is difficult for our people to respond to the two questions listed above. We are a people who have been left traumatized and leaderless from the 500 years of European persistent assaults on our humanity.
When we are armed with knowledge, we should respond like this, when we are asked:
What Indian tribe do you belong to?
Before I answer your question, I would like to know what tribe you belong to.
But I’m not an Indian, I’m white!
Well, you’re more like a pink or a yellowish person, or very pale, but you are definitely not the color white.
You know what I mean, I’m European American, of German and English descent. We have no tribes, never had tribes. We have always been civilized.
That’s not true. The Germanic tribes, your ancestors, came out of central Asia about two thousand years ago and they invaded Europe. The Romans called your ancestors “Barbarians”. Your tribes were called “Uncivilized”, and many other uncomplimentary names, because they were a savage people. Most of your ancestors only became somewhat civilized about 1,500 years ago, and some only in the last 1,000 years. Your ancestors were very savage and very primitive. Our ancestors were building cities, bathing, developing astronomy and mathematics over 4,300 years ago. Your people only started bathing 200 years ago. These are known facts, some of this history was written down by the Romans, as you were vandalizing and destroying their civilization. More of this uncivilized behavior of your people also happened as you were savagely vandalizing and destroying our civilization.
Our people have been civilized for over 4,300 years. The majority of our people were living in large cities when your pirate ancestors were invading our land in 1492.
Yeah, but we’re not tribes anymore. I didn’t mean to offend you. I just noticed that you look like an Indian and I was curious as to what tribe you were. You’re implying that you are part of the Aztecs or Mayas. I thought that we had killed all of them.
We have been trying to educate your people since you first broke-and-entered onto our land 500 years ago, but you won’t listen:
ONE: Indians are people from India. Columbus and his pirates still thought that they had come to India when they started to invade our land. Columbus’ ignorance and racism live on to this day, in that we are still erroneously called “Indians”. The piracy and uncivilized behavior continues. It is continued by the European illegal squatter descendants of those pirates, that’s you, here, talking to me. You, the ones who call us “illegal” and “foreigners”.
TWO: When your ancestors invaded our continent, the majority of our people were living in large cities, large towns, and the cluster villages (suburbs) that were around those cities and towns. We were in our majority an urban people with no “tribal” status. We were not savage or primitive as you imply. Even our people who were “tribal” were not savage or primitive. The Europeans who invaded our urban and tribal areas were the ones who were savage in their behavior, and primitive in their humanity.
THREE: Your ancestors killed the majority of our population. They also destroyed our cities and built European cities on those sites, using us as slave labor and the masonry from the ruins of our cities (to build those “new European cities” on our continent). Our Anahuac “European Indian Schools” and Trail of Tears really started back in the 16th and 17th centuries.
FOUR: During the first 100 years of European invasion, the 5% of our cities’ population that survived the savage Genocidal attacks of the Europeans, were divided and relocated to reinforce our enslavement. Some of us were sent to the sparsely populated tribal northern areas of Anahuac, and some into the densely populated south of Anahuac, as a way to extend the European invasion—-and their squatter settlements. The relocation and mixing of our people from the different cities and towns was a way to dilute and destroy our culture, our languages, our history, and our theology. It was also a way to force the Spanish language, Spanish names, Christian religion, and Spanish culture on our people. During that same period of forced relocation, our people were formally enslaved and we were subjected to constant rapes and more killings. Our leadership and educators were massacred during this period.
Adding to our confusion, our relocated people from the different language cities intermarried in these times. Some of the children of those mixed urban cultured children intermarried with the children of the raped. Later these urban people intermarried with tribal people of the north and the children of rape were themselves raped for another generation and generations after that.
These added confusions have all brought about the destruction of us as an independent Nican Tlaca people and the collapse of our Anahuac civilizations. It has left us ignorant of our true identity and our true heritage. We have suffered all of this humiliation and disaster and all of the savage stunning blows of the European genocidal agenda for the last 500 years.
So, we have to explain all of this to you Europeans (and to our own people) so that we can say that our people are Nican Tlaca and that most of us are of no particular tribe. Most of us never belonged to a tribe. We are part of the Anahuac nation which is made up of over 150 million descendants of those people, who (in our majority) lived in great cities and small towns. We are part of the forced mixing of the people from the different cities of Anahuac. We are also part of the rural (northern) forced mixing of one tribe with another. We are, further on in our history, part of the mixing of the city and the tribal people throughout our Anahuac nation. And, yes, sadly most of our people have had our gene pool polluted to different degrees of scar with the cancerous DNA-blood that was raped into us by Europeans, but 30% of our people were lucky enough to have not been affected by the rape of our nation, they still have no European blood in them. The rest of us have been culturally and/or physically disfigured by these historic rapes, relocations and the attacks on our identity and our humanity.
But this rape issue does not take away from any of us being Nican Tlaca, or part of the Anahuac heritage of our people, no matter how light or how “European-looking” some of us may be. The majority of us can remove all doubts as to our Nican Tlaca identity by looking at our whole family (cousins, aunts, grandparents, great-grandparents) to see that we are Nican Tlaca. We only have to look at the land on which we stand to see that this is not European land, it is Nican Tlaca land. And the racial rape and cultural castration of our nation does not take away our ownership of our land or its wealth—-no matter what European squatters claim, or what European broken treaties were made, or how many soldiers and atomic bombs your people have, this is still our land.
You need to look at us as the victims of your people’s ongoing criminal racist greed—-and past barbaric criminal actions. You need to look at us realistically, not as some remnants of some almost extinct animals that you have caged in a zoo (that you call a ghetto or a reservation) for the amusement of your people. You need to put yourselves in our shoes to see our people’s losses of the wealth of our land, and your missing guilt, and your ignorance of how you profit from the crimes of your ancestors, and your people’s lack of humanity in all of this monstrous history.
And this isn’t just in Anahuac that your people have done this. Your people did this in Hawaii, the Philippines, Alaska, and everywhere else that your race has gone on our planet.
There are also implications in the general tone of voice when you speak to us that need to be addressed. When you asked your questions, you asked them in a tone that says that you are superior, and that you are the guiltless legitimate (by force) owners of our land. That practiced superiority in your voice needs to be confronted.
Your people are not superior to us in any way! You are in fact inferior to us in your morals, ethics, and humanity—-by your collective actions of the last 500 years.
You have been successful at keeping us ignorant of our heritage and of our true condition of slavery. You have caused us the poverty in which we live—-depriving us of the vast wealth of our land.
We have barely survived your attempts at ethnocide and genocide.
But through all of the genocide, destruction, enslavement, and the other crimes that you have committed against us, we have lost one major battle, and that was the battle to keep our sense of being important human beings. This item on the list of crimes that your people committed should be your everlasting shame.
We are arming our people with knowledge and courage to undo that damage and all of the other crimes that you have done! We are going to be “in your face” about the crimes of your ancestors and your ongoing participation in those past crimes, and your ongoing crimes.
But the Spaniards were the ones who did all of those crimes to you, not us.
So, now you, as an English/German people, want to separate yourself from your brother and sister European Spaniards, the ones who “discovered” our land and began the genocide (and taught you how to do it). Your ancestors came here also as murdering pirates, genocidal monsters, liars, etc., just like the Spaniards. You are all Europeans. You all claim to be “Christian”, but in reality you are all part of one genocidal European people colonizing-oppressing-exploiting this planet! These crimes that we speak to you about are collective European crimes because you have all benefited from these crimes. We will not let you weasel yourselves out of your past crimes or allow you to continue in your current parasitic behavior.
If you’re not a white person you should stop writing in English because you’re appropriating Latin text.
not like English was violently forced on colonized peoples or anything cultural appropriation is all about power dynamics and unequal relationships now shut up
Oh, I’m sorry, did this happen to you personally?
Go cry about your non-existent problems to someone who cares.
actually yes can we talk about how I don’t know Anishinaabemowin and am cut off from huge and significant parts of my culture and identity because my grandparents and elders are residential school survivors?
omg holy shit you’re a fucking asshole
ok douchebag aka “geth-metal”, let’s talk about “non-existent problems”; let’s talk about how this has affected me personally:
- I never really got to know any of my grandparents because they mostly spoke Spanish
- the US gov’t’s push for Latin@ assimilation when my parents were kids? It meant they never encouraged me to speak the Spanish that I often heard around me when I was growing up & learned English instead.
- I can’t be certain of which indigenous groups I’m connected to, with the exception of one group, which one of my grandmothers told me begrudgingly when I was impertinent enough to ask (Colonialism saw to it that my grandparents believed it was best that I didn’t know, you see)
to learn the language & writing system of the one group I know I’m connected to, I’d have to
- move to a country that uses a Common Language (also a European language that uses a Roman alphabet) that I’m not super great with
- somehow gain the favor of this group enough that they’d teach me the traditional customs & language, which could well mean living with them
- which could mean being separated from many aspects of only life I’ve known, including possibly limiting access to medications & nutritional supplements that are pretty vital to my health & well-being.now, what were you were saying about non-existent problems that don’t affect me personally…?
In Aztec mythology, Mictecacihuatl (pronounced ‘Meek-teka-see-wahdl’ or ‘Meek-teka-kee-wadl’) is Queen of Mictlan, the underworld, ruling over the afterlife with Mictlantecuhtli, another deity who is designated as her husband.
Her role is to keep watch over the bones of the dead. She presided over the ancient festivals of the dead, which evolved from Aztec traditions into the modern Day of the Dead after synthesis with Spanish cultural traditions. She is said now to preside over the contemporary festival as well. Mictecacihuatl is known as the Lady of the Dead, since it is believed that she was born, then sacrificed as an infant. Mictecacihuatl was represented with a defleshed body and with jaw agape to swallow the stars during the day.
Indigenous Style Icon of the Week: Rigoberta Menchú (K’iche’ Maya)
Rigoberta Menchú Tum is an indigenous Guatemalan, of the K’iche’ ethnic group. Menchú received a primary-school education as a student at several Catholic boarding schools. After leaving school, she worked as an activist campaigning against human rights violations committed by the Guatemalan armed forces during the country’s civil war, which lasted from 1960 to 1996.
Her father, Vicente Menchú was a member of the guerrilla movement Guerrilla Army of the Poor and died in 1980 during the Burning of the Spanish Embassy. In 1981, Rigoberta Menchú escaped to Mexico. In 1982, she narrated a book about her life to Venezuelan author and anthropologist Elizabeth Burgos, “Me llamo Rigoberta Menchú y así me nació la conciencia” (My Name is Rigoberta Menchu and this is how my Conscience was Born), which was translated into five other languages. The book made her an international icon at the time of the ongoing conflict in Guatemala. She received the Nobel Peace Prize (1992), served as the presidential goodwill ambassador for the 1996 peace accords, and received the Prince of Asturias Award (1998).
Since the Guatemalan Civil War ended, Menchú has campaigned to have members of the Guatemalan political and military establishment tried in Spanish courts. In 1999 she filed a complaint before a court in Spain because prosecutions of crimes committed during the civil war are practically impossible in Guatemala. On December 23, 2006, Spain called for the extradition from Guatemala of seven former members of Guatemala’s government on charges of genocide and torture, including former military rulers Efraín Ríos Montt and Óscar Mejía. The most serious charges include genocide against the Mayan people of Guatemala.
In February 2007, Menchú announced that she would form an indigenous political party called Encuentro por Guatemala and that she would stand in the 2007 presidential election. In the election, Menchú was defeated in the first round, receiving three percent of the vote. Several candidates of her party were threatened and two of them were killed.
Menchú has become involved in the Indian pharmaceutical industry as president of the company Salud para Todos (Health for All) and the company Farmacias Similares, with the goal of offering low-cost generic medicines. She is also one of the founding members of the Nobel Women’s Initiative, which works to help strengthen work being done in support of women’s rights around the world.
Menchú has dedicated her life to publicizing the struggles of Guatemala’s indigenous peoples during and after the Guatemalan Civil War (1960–1996), and to promoting indigenous rights in the country. She is the subject of the testimonial biography I, Rigoberta Menchú (1983) and the author of the autobiographical work, Crossing Borders.
Northern traditional dancer and Nez Perce Native American, Paris Green poses for a portrait during the Contest Powwow Honoring President Joe Shirley Jr., on Friday, March 18, 2011, in Chinle, Navajo Nation.
Read more:http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/photogallery/a-2011-pow-wow-retrospective-via-the-incredible-portraits-of-diego-james-robles-part-iii http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/photogallery/a-2011-pow-wow-retrospective-via-the-incredible-portraits-of-diego-james-robles-part-iii#ixzz1rlUjlbUq